Children

Children Adverse side effects observed in children are similar to those observed in adults. On top of that, corticosteroids can cause long-term growth retardation in young children. Cortisone is often given to children on alternating days in order to limit adverse effects such as these. A child treated with corticosteroids may attend school [...]

2019-08-06T15:55:46+02:00July 7th, 2019|Tags: , , , , |

Sex-related side effects

Sex-related side effects Description: for women undergoing treatment with cortisone, some changes in the menstrual cycle may be experienced. Menstruations can be longer or shorter than usual. Men have reported on occasion that they had decreased libido and/or erectile dysfunction during corticosteroid therapy. Frequency: the frequency of the sexual side effects caused by [...]

Adrenal Insufficiency

Adrenal insufficiency Description: adrenal insufficiency (or "weakness" of the adrenal glands) occurs only when the steroid treatment stops or is abruptly terminated (generally, when the dose falls below 5 mg per day). This is a very rare complication. The symptoms include unusual fatigue, abdominal pain, weight loss and sometimes fever. Frequency: once long-term [...]

Diabetes

Diabetes Description: in most cases, diabetes does not create symptoms and is diagnosed upon a blood screening. When there are symptoms, it may be an unusual combination of thirst and/or frequent urination. Frequency: certain studies have estimated that about 5% of patients treated with cortisone have developed diabetes in the year following treatment. [...]

Cholesterol and Triglycerides

Cholesterol and triglyceridesDescription: corticosteroids may result in higher levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. This increase does not trigger symptoms in the short-term. However, in the long-term this change may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Frequency: little is currently known about the frequency of cholesterol and triglyceride side effects on patients. [...]

2019-08-06T15:34:29+02:00July 7th, 2019|Tags: , , , , |

Potassium levels

Potassium level Description: treatment with corticosteroids may cause a mild decrease in blood potassium levels (serum potassium levels) but this has never been clearly demonstrated. Frequency: unknown Prevention/treatment: some doctors routinely combine the corticosteroid therapy with potassium supplementation. Screening: when required, a blood test may assess the blood level of potassium. Useful references [...]

Specific properties of inhaled corticosteroids

Inhaled corticosteroids Inhaled corticosteroids, while much better tolerated by patients compared to pills or injections, may also cause side effects when taken for several months at high doses. These effects can include cataracts, osteoporosis and adrenal insufficiency. However, these side effects are very rare. Moreover, when taken orally in the airways, corticosteroids can [...]

2019-08-06T15:39:25+02:00July 7th, 2019|Tags: , , , , , |

Weight gain and changes in physical appearance

Weight and physical appearance Description: corticosteroids are known to frequently cause weight gain in patients. This gain is is usually moderate, consisting of 1 to 2 kilograms of added mass. In addition, corticosteroids enlarge certain aspects of the face. A "moon face" can result, meaning a large forehead and a large chin appear [...]